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Nitric Acid (HNO3), Nitrate Ion (NO3-)

Nitric acid and nitrate salts are all very soluble in water. HNO3 is a strong acid and completely dissociates in water. HNO3 is volatile. NO3- absorbs solar UV radiation. It is a major source of hydroxyl radical in surface water and atmospheric water droplets.

Suggested Reading:

Cotton, F. A., Wilkinson, G. 1972. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd ed. New York:Wiley.

Greenwood, N. N., Earnshaw, A. 1984. Chemistry of the Elements. Oxford:Pergamon.

Morel, F. M. M., Hering, J. G. 1993. Principles and Applications of Aquatic Chemistry. New York:Wiley.

Wark, K., Warner, C. F. 1981. Air Pollution: Its Origin and Control. New York:Harper and Row.