New And Improved Energy Production And Use Technologies. William M. Worek, University of Illinois at Chicago, Director, Energy Resources Center, Chicago, IL 60607-7022

The United States Department of Energy Annual Energy Outlook 2000 projects a need for over 300 gigaWatts of new electricity generation capacity to meet growing demand. Continuous increase in the population of commercial buildings has escalated their demand for electricity from just over 400 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 1973 to more than one trillion kWh today, and could reach 1.6 trillion kWh by the year 2020 at the current growth rate. There exists a need to develop building equipment and envelope technologies that are energy efficient and cost-effective. Combined Heating and Power (CHP) Systems for Buildings can help meet this growing electricity demand and reduce summer peak loads while improving energy efficiency and avoiding energy losses inherent in the current electricity supply system. CHP Systems for Building can help by directly providing electricity as well as offsetting electric consumption through the use of thermal recovery technologies to cool, heat and/or dehumidify buildings, rather than use electricity to operate air-conditioning and heating units.

The Department of Energy's Office of Power Technology has embarked on a new and innovative program to develop and deploy advanced power and space conditioning systems for commercial buildings. As part of this program the DOE has funded the establishment of the Midwest Application Center for Cooling, Heating and Power for Buildings at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Energy Resources Center. This talk will focus on CHP technologies and systems that are being deployed and their impact on lowering the cost of energy production, improving fuel utilization and power reliability.

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