This map shows the overall suitability of this crop in the state of Illinois.
Overall Suitability Map
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Cichorium endivia subsp. endivia

Common Name(s): Endive; radicchio
Family: Asteraceae
Growth Habit: Func. Annual/Biennial
Growing Days: 70 to 85 (days)
Abs.Max=86° (F)    Opt.Max=73° (F)
Opt.Min=59° (F)    Abs.Min=41° (F)
Precipitation: 39 to 55 (in.)
Winter Minimum: 23° (F)
Soil pH: 6 to 7
Soil Texture/Type: Medium textured organic soils
Soil Drainage: Well
Photoperiod Response: Long day, short day and day neutral
Light Intensity: Clear
Prefers shallow soils with high fertility. Low salt tolerance.
Pythium, Sclerotinia, Rust, Rhizoctonia, Cercospora, Powdery Mildew
Food - vegetable
Temperate, tropical-rainy, steppe and semi-arid, subtropical-dry summer
Geographical Origin:
Only cultivated
Metric Units

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Last Modified: October 17, 2012
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