Illinois State Water Survey Library Services - Bibliographies - Boneyard Creek

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Boneyard Creek Bibliography

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Patricia Gobert

Illinois State Water Survey Library (ISWS)
2204 Griffith Drive
Champaign, IL 61820-7463

March 1998

Introduction and Description

The Boneyard Creek has always been a nemesis for the cities of Urbana and Champaign. From earliest accounts in the early 1800s, it was agreed that there were piles of bones all along the banks. An exposed Indian burial ground or a hunting site? According to one story, hundreds of animals perished in a heavy snowstorm. Since that time, problems on the banks of the Boneyard have been a continuing source of concern, consternation, and costly damage to area businesses and residents. Since 1949, four plans were developed that examine solutions to the major flooding problems along the Boneyard Creek. In the Lower Boneyard Creek Improvement Plan (1995: 1-4), the City of Champaign Public Works Department cites many of these early planning documents and gives good general descriptions of the plans.

This bibliography includes two genres of documents: 1) analytical and planning documents relating to the history, restoration, maintenance, and stormwater considerations of the Boneyard Creek itself; and 2) those dealing with various stormwater and runoff models which used the Boneyard Creek watershed as a study area or verification tool.

Within the first group an historical arrangement is used to help illustrate stages of evolution in the urbanization of the watershed area and the related engineering concerns. Various background documentation has been cited that may assist in further research. In the second group, a reverse chronological arrangement is used to emphasize newer studies.

In all cases, locations for materials are given. Although these locations are not comprehensive, they will at least assure interested parties that these documents are obtainable. Library locations given are those of libraries in Urbana and Champaign. Annotations have been provided in all cases, unless an item was unavailable for examination. Items listed may be requested through regular Interlibrary Loan procedures, unless specified as non-circulating. In some cases photocopies may be requested.

Other important sources of information include: Champaign-Urbana Sanitary District; City of Champaign Engineering Division; Clark Dietz Inc., Consulting Engineers; Daly and Associates, Consulting Engineers; Sodemann & Associates, Civil Engineers; Berns, Clancy and Associates.


Thanks to Sally McConkey of the Illinois State Water Survey for compiling the Boneyard Creek Fact Sheet included at the end of this report, and to Bill Saylor of the Illinois State Water Survey for assistance, especially in providing historical materials.

PART 1: Analytical and Planning Documents

Boneyard Studies Pre-1970 and Historical Material

Hilscher, Ralph. c. 1915. Report on contamination of the Boneyard in Champaign by gas house wastes. (Unpublished manuscript), 11 p.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
In August 1915, the State Rivers & Lakes Commission received a complaint concerning gas waste contamination of a small stream flowing through Champaign and Urbana, and recommended it be investigated. In the resulting report, the general condition of the Boneyard is described as constituting an eyesore, being littered with trash and unimproved. In July of 1915, the creek, the banks, and some lawns were coated with thick layers of oils and tar, and accompanied by characteristic odors. This waste was produced by the Champaign Street Railway, Gas and Electric Company which was located at the corner of 5th and Hill Streets in Champaign. The author describes types and amounts of waste and suggests methods for treatment.

Pickels, George W. 1931. Run-off investigations in central Illinois. University of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station Bulletin no. 232, Urbana, IL, 134 p.

  Water Survey Library: 620 I27b 232  
Examines runoff-rainfall relationships of seven defined watersheds in and around Champaign county, including the West Branch Salt Fork. Provides rainfall, runoff, flood, and hydrologic data for the years 1924-27.

Pollution survey of Boneyard Creek: a tributary of Salt Fork (Big Vermillion-Wabash River) in Champaign and Urbana, Illinois: final report. 1948. Prepared by State of Illinois Sanitary Water Board and State Department of Public Health, Springfield IL, 50 p. plus 1 fold-out map; 1 overlay in pocket.

  Water Survey Library: 363.7394 P7658

Stacks, UI Library

The survey involved daily sample collections from 18 designated sampling stations on the Boneyard Creek and West Branch Salt Fork. The samples were shipped to Sanitary Engineering Labs in Springfield, Illinois where chemical, bacterial, biochemical and microscopic analyses were performed. The report is divided into two parts. The first part includes the findings, conclusions, and recommendations that resulted from the survey. Part two is tables and graphical data. A fold-out map of the study area is included.

Horner and Schifrin. 1949. Report on a plan of drainage for the Boneyard stream and storm relief sewers. Horner and Schifrin, Consulting Engineers, St. Louis, MO, var. pag.

  Water Survey Library, Noncirculating: 628.21 H816
This was the first comprehensive drainage plan developed for the cities of Champaign and Urbana. Horner & Schifrin, Consulting Engineers were retained by the Urbana and Champaign Sanitary Sewer District to undertake investigations essential to prepare a "Master General Drainage Plan for the Boneyard water course and for relief sewer plans for certain of the larger storm drainage areas in the two cities..." (p.1) The report includes rainfall patterns, hydrographs, stream bed profiles, proposed sewer flow, drainage details, and cost estimates.

1950. Storm drainage needs of Urbana-Champaign: Facts concerning the proposed storm drainage conduit and storm water trunk interceptors needed for our two cities. Urbana & Champaign Sanitary District: [Champaign, IL], 16 p.

  Water Survey Library: 628.2 Ur 1s
A paper to advise and inform citizens for an election 3/30/50 to authorize issuance of bonds of approximately $6 million for the purpose of improving the Boneyard Drainage system.

Schmidt, Milton Otto. 1950. Flood runoff from urban areas, with special reference to the surface hydrology of the Boneyard Creek watershed, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois. Ph.D. thesis, College of Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL, 201 p.

  627.5 Sch55f Stacks, UI Library
The author stated the broad objective of this study in his introduction: "to derive the time and volume relations of rainfall and runoff on the given watershed." Examines the historical development of hydrograph analysis, analyses variation in properties of unit hydrographs, then applies chosen means to develop this study of the surface hydrology of the Boneyard Creek. Includes historical information on the Boneyard, as well as then current facts, photographs, and data. Appendices contain records of rainfall intensity and runoff accumulated between 1948 and 1950.

Mitchell, William D. 1950. Water-supply characteristics of Illinois Streams. Department of Public Works and Buildings, Division of Highways, [Springfield, IL], 311 p.

  Water Survey Library: 628.1 I29 c.1
Published in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey, this report presents streamflow characteristics and discharge measurements aimed to determine beneficial and destructive flows. Examines West Branch Salt Fork as well as other Illinois streams.

Chow, Ven Te. 1952. Hydrologic studies of urban watersheds: rainfall and runoff of Boneyard Creek, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois. Civil Engineering Studies, Hydraulic Engineering Studies no. 2. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois, Department of Civil Engineering, 66 p.

  Water Survey Library: 620 Il27c no.2
Chow refers briefly to the studies of Schmidt (1950) and Horner and Schifrin (1949) which were the two chief preceding studies on the Boneyard. Chow's research, partially funded by the Board of Trustees of the Urbana-Champaign Sanitary District and assisted by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Illinois State Water Survey, defines rainfall intensity and frequency data, storm types, hydrographic analyses, and consumptive water use for the "Boneyard Watershed".

Smith, H.F. 1961. The effect of urbanization on runoff. Paper to be given at Hydrology Section, American Geophysical Union, Monday, 5-May-58. 4 p. + figures (unpublished manuscript).

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
The author compares runoff between the urban Boneyard Creek watershed and the rural Kaskaskia River watershed. Figures show yearly flows, daily flows, peak discharges, and unit hydrographs.

Storm drainage study: City of Champaign, Illinois. 1959. Clark, Daily & Dietz, Consulting Engineers, 295 p. + appendices.

  Water Survey Library: 627.46 S886 c.2
Presented to the Champaign City Council on October 13, 1959, this report is a three-fold master plan, consisting of the following components: a plan for storm water interceptor sewers required to relieve overloaded portions of the existing drainage system; a plan for storm water interceptor sewers which will provide adequate outlets for future development; a set of regulations which the City may incorporate in its subdivision ordinance to insure a well integrated storm drainage system. The transmittal letter states that three sets of base maps were also delivered with this report and aerial photography of the study area was produced that would kept by the Firm until no longer needed.

Wilson, Ralph D. 1978. An Engineer's History of the Boneyard Creek in Champaign-Urbana, Illinois (1830 to 1978). Printed by Ralph D. Wilson, April 1978, 104 + p.

  Water Survey Library: 551.483 W69e Illinois History Survey
Provides a discussion of Champaign and Vermilion Counties' early history, and traces the growth of the cities of Urbana and Champaign and the effects it had on the Boneyard through the first pollution measures that were taken in the late 1890s to improvement projects of the late 1970s. Wilson includes maps and photographs, and describes publications that are no longer readily available.

Boneyard Creek Master Plan documents and related materials, 1970s

Restoration of the Boneyard: a report of the Concerned Engineers for the Restoration of the Boneyard. 1970. Urbana, IL : Department of General Engineering, University of Illinois, 3 volumes.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 1
Volume 1: "The restoration of the Boneyard: a paper presented to the staff of General Engineering 242, January 1970." Includes present status of the Boneyard, information on pollution levels, plans for restoration and costs, and appendices consisting of legal reports and copies of laws, maps, and description of indigenous plant life.
Volume 2: "Hydraulic standards of the Boneyard: a paper presented to the staff of General Engineering 242 in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree Bachelor of Science in General Engineering by Michael Pretnar, Jeff Norris, and Bruce York, May 1970 under the direction of Professor Bruce Hannon." Establishes hydraulic standards for the Boneyard, i.e., flow rate and slope. Information was established in consultation with M. Terstriep of the Illinois State Water Survey. Includes cross sections, maps, zoning maps and information, reprints and blueprints.
Volume. 3: "A cost and design analysis of the Boneyard: a cost comparison of three typical design solutions for bank stabilization and flood control for the Boneyard, and a landscaping design and cost analysis in the vicinity of the Lincoln Ave., bridge."

Champaign County Regional Planning Commission. 1975. Boneyard Creek study: analysis and recommendations. [Champaign IL : Champaign County Regional Planning Commission], 84 p.


Water Survey Library: 333.91 C3577

Q.711.3C358b Stacks, UI Library
This report summarizes the work of the Boneyard Interagency Advisory Committee (BIAC).

HOK Associates. 1976. Proposal to the Champaign County Regional Planning Commission, the Boneyard Interagency Advisory Commission for a Master Plan and Related Studies, Boneyard Creek, Champaign County, Illinois. [St. Louis, MO : HOK Associates], 15 p.

  711.40977366P945 City Planning Library, UI Library
Proposal submitted for the Boneyard Creek Master Plan by HOK Associates, St. Louis MO.

A proposal ... Boneyard Master Plan. 1976. Nelson-Nelson-Wang Landscape Architecture and Planning. [Urbana, IL], 26 p.

  711.40977366P9452 City Planning Library, UI Library
Proposal submitted for the Boneyard Creek Master Plan. Nelson-Nelson-Wang presented this proposal as a joint venture with Bazzell-Phillips and Associates, Inc.

The Boneyard Creek Commission: Conklin & Rossant / Clark, Dietz and Associates, Engineers, Inc. 1977. Guidelines report for the Boneyard Creek Master Plan. Prepared for the Boneyard Creek Commission. [Urbana, IL], 74 p.

  714 B642 sup. Grainger Engineering Library, UI Library
The first in a three-phase process for the development of a Master Plan for the Boneyard Creek, this report was an attempt to sort through currently available data and define options for the development of a final working plan to transform the Boneyard and to develop it "as a multi-purpose community asset for watershed management, recreation, and urban beautification." Summarizes historical and then existing conditions; includes maps.

Boneyard Creek Master Plan : v. 1-The Plan, v. 2-Detail engineering and cost, v. 3-Summary. 1978. Prepared by Conklin and Rossant / Clark, Dietz Inc.. for the Boneyard Creek Commission, [Urbana, IL].

  Q. 714 B642 v.1,2,3 City Planning Library, UI Library
The Boneyard Creek Commission was formed by an agreement between the cities of Urbana and Champaign, the Urbana and Champaign Park Districts and the Urbana-Champaign Sanitary District to develop a long-range plan which would transform the Boneyard Creek into a multi-purpose community asset for watershed management, recreation, and urban beautification. This plan is conceptual, and no attempt was made to present project-level planning. Volume 1 defines objectives, description of characteristics and conditions, and plan elements; volume 2 includes general engineering considerations, and reach section delineations and design criteria; volume 3 is a bound set of profile drawings.

Flooding on Boneyard Creek. 1979. Prepared by Clark, Dietz Inc. for the Boneyard Creek Commission, Champaign-Urbana, IL, 15 p.

  Q. 627.4 F659 City Planning Library, UI Library
This publication describes the storm event of July 30, 1979 and subsequent flood damage, and reviews flood control measures outlined in the Master Plan documents.

Comprehensive drainage study City of Champaign, Illinois section WDR-77-01. 1979. Prepared by Daily and Associates, Engineers, Inc., Champaign, IL, 113 p.

  Water Survey Library: F. 627.54 D133
Report submitted in compliance with the Engineering agreement between the City of Champaign and Daily and Associates, Engineers, 1977. The findings and recommendations of a comprehensive investigation of the storm water drainage characteristics of the City of Champaign and potential development areas are presented in this report, and provide an overview and framework from which a final drainage project could begin. An inventory and evaluation of the existing storm sewer system has identified 16 chronic flood locations out of 104 major flood locations in Champaign. Boneyard Creek, as well as several other drainage ditches were all assessed as inadequate to receive future storm flows from proposed improvements. Recommended stormwater management design criteria, cost estimates, and priority locations for proposed improvements are examined.

Planning Documents related to the Master Plan - 1980s

Illinois Department of Transportation, Division of Water Resources. 1986. Boneyard Creek strategic planning study for flood control Champaign County, Illinois. Springfield, IL, var. pag.


Water Survey Library: IDOT DOWR SPS 86-002

DOC. ILLlTD7.2:B65 Law Library, UI Library
The purpose of this study was to define existing floodplain conditions and the projects which might reduce flood plain damages throughout the Boneyard Creek and Upper Boneyard Creek watersheds. Includes map of the watersheds, flood damage analysis, and descriptions of projects considered. Appendices A and B provide copies of actual computer printout data from ILLUDAS and HEC-1 models; Appendix C gives flood damage analysis and cost estimates for all projects considered; Appendices D,E,F are projects plates, maps, and profiles.

Inventory and analysis of urban water damage problems: City of Champaign, Champaign County, Illinois. 1981. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Louisville District, 21 p. + fold-out maps.

  Water Survey Library: 627.4 C822c
The State of Illinois requested the assistance of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in order to gather data on the severity and frequency of flooding of various communities with emphasis on average annual flood damages to residences. The three drainage basins studied in this report are the Boneyard Creek, Copper Slough, and Phinney Branch, Champaign, Illinois. As stated on page one of this report, " Documentation and assessment of overbank flood problems, concurrently with identification of other flooding problems associated with urban drainage such as sewers, ditches, surface depressions, street ponding, and similar concerns, is the main objective of this inventory". Flood profiles and flood evaluation summaries are included for all three areas.

Berns, Clancy & Associates. 1980. Champaign-Urbana flood plain study (Champaign County, Illinois: Boneyard Creek).

  G 4104.C5A41980.B32 Map & Geography Library, UI Library
Sets of aerial photography flown in 1977 of an area of a: Champaign County, cities of Champaign and Urbana, and b: properties adjacent to the cities in which the Boneyard Creek is located.

a. : Areas of the 3rd principal meridian, Champaign County Illinois:
1.   SW1/4, Sec. 1, TWP. 19N, R8E 2.   SW1/4, Sec. 1, TWP. 19N, R8E
3.   SW1/4, Sec. 6, TWP. 19N, R9E 4.   NE1/4, Sec. 12, TWP. 19N, R8E
5.   NW1/4, Sec. 7, TWP. 19N, R9E 6.   Missing
7.   SW1/4, Sec. 7, TWP. 19N, R9E 8.   SE1/4, Sec. 7, TWP. 19N, R9E
9.   SW1/4, Sec. 9, TWP. 19N, R9E 10.   SE1/4, Sec. 8, TWP. 19N, R9E
11.   SW1/4, Sec. 9, TWP. 19N, R9E 12.   NE1/4 Sec. 13, TWP. 19N, R8E
13.   NW1/4, Sec.18,TWP 19N, R9E 14.   NW1/4, Sec. 8, TWP. 19N, R9E

b.: Photographs of the cities of Champaign and Urbana described by N, S, E, W street boundaries.
1.   N I74, S. Bradley Ave., W. Prospect, to E. Of Harris
2.   N I74, S. Bradley Ave., W. Of Neil St., E. Market St.
3.   N I74, S. Bradley Ave., W. Market St., E. of IC&G R.R.
4.   N. Bradley Ave., S. Washington St., W. of Neil St., E. Market St.
5.   N. Bradley Ave., S. Washington, W. Market St., E. Wright St.
6.   Missing
7.   N. Washington St., S. Springfield Ave., W. First St., E. Wright St.
8.   N. Beslin-Fairview, S. Springfield Ave., W. Wright St., E. Lincoln Ave.
9.   N. Fairview, S. Springfield Ave., W. Lincoln Ave., E. of Wood and Locusts Sts.
10.   N. of University Ave., S. Main St., W. Race St., E. Cottage Grove
11.   N.of University Ave., S. Main St., W. I74, E. Lierman
12.   N. Springfield Ave., S. Armory, W. Prairie St., E. Second St.
13.   N. Springfield Ave., S. Armory, W. Wright St., E, Wright St.
14.   N. Springfield Ave., S. Nevada, W. Wright St., E. Lincoln Ave.
15.   N. Springfield. Ave., S. Washington, W. Lincoln, E. Second St.

Flooding on Boneyard Creek. [1980]. Prepared by Clark, Dietz Inc. for the Boneyard Creek Commission, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois.16 p.

  Q.627.4 F659 City Planning Library, UI Library
Describes the flood and damage of 1979, and emphasizes the need to implement the flood control concepts outlined by the Master Plan.

Improvement Plan Documents and related works - 1990s

Boneyard detention - Lamar channel project: 23 October 1997 report to City Council. 1997. City of Champaign, Public Works Department, Engineering Division, 5 p. + attachments.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
Report made to City Council from Steven C. Carter, City Manager. Report discusses the status of the design/costs for LAMAR LLC to build 20 acre feet of linear detention and channelimprovements from Wright Street to First Street.

Public hearing, 25 June, 1998, for application for Department of the Army permit, Robert F. Hannah, applicant. 6 p.
  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
Purpose: To provide flood protection for the Engineering campus for all storm events up to the 100-year storm in a location defined as Boneyard Creek from Lincoln Avenue upstream to Wright Street through the Engineering Campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in Champaign County, Illinois.

Boneyard Creek Project Public Information meeting, 8 October 1997. City of Champaign; Camp Dresser & McKee, 22 p.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
Includes maps of the affected area, engineering and landscape drawings, floodplain planning maps.

Boneyard stormwater detention alternatives: February 1996 report to City Council. 1996. City of Champaign, Public Works Department, Engineering Division, 12 p. + attachments.

  Water Survey Library: 621 C2451
Report made to City Council from Steven C. Carter, City Manager. Report seeks Council direction of how to proceed with stormwater detention for the main channel of the Lower Boneyard between Oak-Ash detention basin and Wright Street. Several alternatives are presented for the Scott Park detention basin plan.

Shu, AL-Lin. 1996. Public values in design and planning for the Boneyard Creek in Urbana-Champaign. M.S. Thesis, Landscape Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 51 p.

  Thesis, City Planning, UI Library

Lower Boneyard Creek Improvement Plan. 1995. City of Champaign, Public Works Department, Engineering Division, var. pag.

  Water Survey Library: 628.21 C449lb ip 1995
Report prepared to obtain direction from the Champaign City Council on how to proceed with the development of the Boneyard Creek Improvement Plan, in response to Council Members' request of August 1995 to review "a fundamental change in the City's approach to solving the Boneyard drainage problems" (p. 3). This new approach includes seven components for which background information is given, and alternatives and recommendations are made: 1) Maintenance enhancements, 2) Regulations and code review, 3) Intergovernmental cooperation. 4) Storm sewer improvements, 5) Channel improvements, 6) Detention improvements, and 7) Funding.

Boneyard stormwater detention alternatives: report to City Council 21 November 1994. 1994. City of Champaign, Public Works Department, Engineering Division, var. pag. + attachments.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
Report from Steven C. Carter, City Manager, to the Champaign City Council concerning how staff should proceed with stormwater detention on the main channel of the Lower Boneyard. Outlines problems defined by Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc., Chicago and Daly & Associates, Engineers, Inc. Champaign, and gives preliminary cost estimates. Attachments include maps, descriptions of alternatives, correspondence, and question and answer sheets.

Yen, Ben-Chie and Juan A. Gonzalez. 1994. Determination of Boneyard Creek flow capacity by hydraulic performance graph. Research Report no. 219 (UILU-WRC-94-219), Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Water Resources Center, 111 p.

  Water Survey Library: 627 I29 #219
"The Boneyard Creek in Champaign-Urbana has caused flooding problems in the twin cities for years. Like most drainage problems, it is desirable to know the flow carrying capacity of some or all of the channels in a drainage system accounting for the interacting backwater effects among the channel reaches. ... A hydraulic performance graph method (is) developed for this purpose ... (and ) is a summary of the behavior of the steady - non-uniform flow profiles in a backwater-affected channel" (from abstract p. ii).

Berns, Clancy and Associates, Inc. 1993. Appendices to report on stormwater drainage system study Upper Boneyard Creek Watershed: City of Champaign, Champaign County Illinois. Appendix H: Landowner survey results & public meeting minutes; Appendix I: Manhole inspection reports & sewer lamping reports.

  977.366 BER Appendices Champaign Public Library
Appendix H includes responses to a survey conducted in 1992 and directed to commercial and home properties adjacent to the Upper Boneyard Creek. The survey was conducted to gather information about existing drainage conditions in areas east of Prospect Avenue and west of Neil Street, Champaign. Also included are minutes of public meetings held between November and December 1992.
Appendix I is a collection of 102 sewer line lamping and manhole reports made in October 1992 for the same area.

Background Documentation

U.S. Geological Survey. Water Resources Data for Illinois, vol. 1. Annual.

  Water Survey Library: 628.11Un32il
A section is included in volume 1 of each annual edition on the Wabash River Basin and contains daily mean values for discharge in cubit feet per second for the Boneyard Creek.

Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM). City of Urbana, Illinois, Champaign County. Community-panel numbers 170035 0001-0011, map index. Effective date: January 16, 1981. Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Flood Insurance Program.

Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM). City of Champaign, Illinois, Champaign County. Community-panel numbers 170026 0001 - 0014, map index. Effective date: January 16, 1981. Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Flood Insurance Program.

Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM). County of Champaign, Illinois (Unincorporated Areas). Community-panel number 170894 (Panel 180 of 300). Effective date March 1, 1984. Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Flood Insurance Program.

  Water Survey maintains a complete set of Flood Insurance Rate Maps for Illinois.

Hay, Ralph C. And John B. Stall. 1976. History of Channel Improvement in an Illinois Watershed. Paper presented at the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 1976 Winter Meeting, paper no. 76-2506, 12 p.

  Water Survey Library: ISWS RS 348
Surface drainage development between 1880 and 1976 in the 1250-square-mile Vermilion River Watershed, Wabash Basin (Champaign, Ford, and Vermilion Counties) is traced. Three principle objectives of the authors are states as follows: 1) to review the natural conditions of the area as encountered by early settlers prior to the construction of channels, 2) to develop understanding and appreciation of the needs and problems encountered in the early construction period, and 3) to set the stage for better management of both land and water resources at present and in the future.

City of Champaign vs. Environmental Protection Agency (Administrative proceedings for alleged pollution against city, University Board of Trustees and others) Illinois Appellate Court July 5, 1973: 299 N.E.2D 28-32 (12 Ill.App3d 720), 5 p.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3 Law Library, UI Library
A procedural dispute involving an order of the Illinois Pollution Control Board against the cities of Champaign and Urbana claimed that the cities allowed water pollution by permitting contaminants to enter Boneyard Creek. The cities filed a third party complaint against the University of Illinois charging it with contributing to the pollution through the operation of the Abbott Power Plant. It was found by the Board that polluted discharge had occurred and both the cities and the University were ordered to file a report detailing a program for corrective measures to stop the pollution. The order was vacated by the court as it applied to the University, in that there was no proof that it was responsible for any pollution. The order as applied to the cities was vacated. The dissent would have dismissed for lack of a final appealable order. The contention of the court was that the Board's order was not final.

PART 2: Techniques and Model Test Studies

Narayana, V.V., M. Akbar Sial, J. Paul Riley, and Eugene K. Israelsen. 1970. Statistical relationships between storm and urban watershed characteristics. Logan, Utah : Utah Water Research Laboratory, College of Engineering, Utah State University (PRWG74-2), 55 p.

  Water Survey Library: 551.483 U89 74-2
A procedure is proposed for predicting peak runoff rates from small rural and urban watersheds based upon measurable storm and watershed characteristics. The technique was tested on the Boneyard Creek watershed at Urbana, Illinois and those test results are included in this report. The stated objectives of this study were: 1. to derive equations for predicting the peak rate and volume of runoff from rural and urban watersheds using multiple regression analysis; 2. to evaluate the relative effects of various storm and watershed characteristics on the peak rate and total volume of runoff; and 3. to develop concurrent charts between the storm and watershed characteristics and peak rate and volume of runoff.

Stall, John B., Michael L. Terstriep, and Floyd A. Huff. 1970. "Some effects of urbanization of floods." ASCE National Water Resources Meeting, Memphis, Tenn., January 26-39, 1970 : Meeting Preprint 1130. Also available as Illinois State Water Survey Reprint Series #133.

  Water Survey Library: ISWS RS 133
A model storm, based on recorded precipitation data from east-central Illinois was developed for recurrence intervals and applied to the urbanized 3.5-square-mile drainage area of the Boneyard Creek at Urbana. A set of empirical equations, developed at the University of Texas Center for Research in Water in 1965 were used to produce a 30 ' unit hydrograph for the Boneyard basin. It was shown that transformation of the basin to intensely urbanized status would quadruple the flood peak for the 50-year recurrence interval.

Crawford, N.H. 1971. Studies in the application of digital simulation to urban hydrology: Final report to the Office of Water Resources Research. National Technical Information Service, var. pag. (PB206715)

  Water Survey Library: NTIS PB 206715
Study objectives were to apply an existing watershed model, the Hydrocomp Simulation Program, to several different urban watersheds to attempt to evaluate the effect of data intervals, number of gages, and characteristics of the watersheds on the results of the simulation. Four watersheds were chosen for the study: Waller Creek, Austin, Texas; Boneyard Creek, Urbana, Illinois; Echo Park, Los Angeles, California; and Burton Creek, Bryan, Texas.

Rolfe, G. and J. Edgington. 1973. "Lead outputs in streamflow from a watershed ecosystem." Water Resources Bulletin, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 372-375.

  Water Survey Library: Journals
The data provided in this article results from investigations of the effects and movement of lead in an 86 square-mile watershed in the Champaign-Urbana, Illinois region. Study objectives were to mathematically model the effects and movements of lead in an ecosystem to provide more rational environmental decisions concerning lead pollution. The combustion of gasoline containing lead is considered the predominant source of lead input into the ecosystem. Monitoring began in March 1972 at four stream-gaging locations on the Saline Drainage Ditch and Boneyard Creek, and the results reported are for a 6-month period. Rural lead outputs are compared with urban lead outputs in filtrate and suspended solids.

"Boneyard Creek Basin, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois" IN Terstriep, Michael L. and John B. Stall. 1974. The Illinois Urban Drainage Area Simulator, ILLUDAS. Illinois State Water Survey Bulletin 58, Champaign, IL, pp. 71-73.

  Water Survey Library: ISWS B 58
This report presents data reproductions from the ILLUDAS program for various areas in the U.S. The abstract states that ILLUDAS "presents an objective method for the hydrologic design of storm drainage systems in urban areas and of the evaluation of an existing system." Included in the data presented for the Boneyard Creek basin are runoff hydrographs, observed storm data, and an aerial photograph.

Lakotos, D. F. 1980. "Strategically locating on-site detention devices using the Penn State runoff model". Stormwater management alternatives. Water Resources Center, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, pp. 109-120.

  Water Survey Library (Boneyard reprint): 627.46 S886
Verification of the computational routines in the Penn State Runoff Model was performed using data for the Boneyard Creek watershed in Illinois and the Winohocking watershed in Pennsylvania. The model is used to analyze cost-effective stormwater management systems for developed areas.

Larson, R.A., K. Smykowski and L.L. Hunt. 1981. "Occurrence and determination of organic oxidants in rivers and wastewaters." Chemosphere, vol. 10, no. 11/12, pp. 1335-1338.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3 574.505CH Chemistry Library, UI Library
Two methods were reported to be able to be used to concentrate water samples that may contain organic oxidants. Ten sites were chosen in three states for sampling, including Delaware, Illinois and Pennsylvania. Boneyard Creek, Crystal Lake, and Urbana city tap water were among six sites chosen in Illinois. Oxidant levels were reported for all ten sites.

Lee, M.T., and M. L. Tiestriep. 1991 "Applications of GIS for water quality modeling in agricultural and urban watersheds". Hydraulic Engineering: Proceedings of the 1991 National Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers, NY, pp. 961-965.

  Water Survey Library: REF Boneyard 3
Data presented in this article were actually derived from testing models developed from interfaces between GIS and water quality models. AUTO IQ, used to model nonpoint source pollution from urban runoff, was tested by using the Boneyard Creek basin since this station has been gaged continuously by the U.S. Geological Survey since 1948. Verification showed the water quantity component gave fairly good results while the water quality component gave poor results, thus demonstrating the problems of water quality simulation without data for verification and calibration.

National Urban Runoff Project

Blake-Coleman, Wendy. 1984. Nationwide Urban Runoff Project, Champaign, Illinois: the biological impact of urban runoff on the Saline Branch Drainage Ditch and Boneyard Creek. Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Springfield, IL, 60 p.

  363.739409773 B581n City Planning Library, UI Library
The work reported in this document is a component of a study which was contracted to the Illinois State Water Survey by the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency to evaluate the effectiveness of municipal street sweeping in controlling urban runoff quality and to assess the impact of urban runoff on an agricultural receiving stream. The intent of this study was to determine if the effects of urban runoff on stream biota could be determined upstream and downstream from of an urban area. The paper contains results of ecological surveys and an assessment of the biota collected in the Saline Branch Drainage Ditch between 11/79 and 3/82.

Bender, Michael G., D.C. Noel, and M.L. Terstriep. 1983. Nationwide Urban Runoff project: assessment of the impact of urban storm runoff on agricultural receiving streams. Contract report no. 319. Champaign, IL: Illinois State Water Survey, 132 p.

  Water Survey Library: ISWS CR 319
This report details the findings of a project extension of the National Urban Runoff Project which ran from October 1981 to September 1982. This extension was granted to assess the impact of urban storm runoff on a receiving stream. Champaign-Urbana was chosen as the study area and five sites were chosen within the study area, two of which were on the Boneyard Creek. The other three were on the Saline branch of the Vermilion. Instruments monitored rainfall and runoff quality and quantity. Samples were analyzed for constituents including solids, metals, and nutrients. Results measured the impact of runoff on the receiving stream, as well as that of effluent from a sewage treatment plant.

Boneyard Creek Fact Sheet

Boneyard Creek
Tributary to Saline Branch
Tributary to Salt Fork
Tributary to Vermilion River
Tributary to Wabash River (Wabash Basin)

Drainage Area: (@ mouth at Saline Branch, River Mile 10.3) 7.31 square miles.
From: USGS River Miles and Drainage Areas for Illinois Streams, volume 1.

USGS Gage (active as of 1996): 03337000 Boneyard Creek at Urbana. Located at the rear of the UofI fire station, north of Green Street.

Drainage area of Gage: 4.46 square miles of which 0.88 square miles is not contributing as it has been diverted to the Saline Branch through the northwest diversion conduit.

Period of record: 1948 to present

Annual mean flow: 4.33 cubic feet per second (cfs)

Instantaneous Peak Flow: 982 cfs on July 30, 1979

Lowest Daily Mean Flow: 0.03 cfs on February 12, 1981
From: USGS Water Resources Data, Illinois, Water Year 1996
Boneyard Creek         100-yr discharges (cfs)         10-yr discharges (cfs)
At mouth 2,864 1,427
At gage 1,264 596

From: Flood Insurance Study (FIS): Urbana FIS, 1980.

The upstream watershed boundary of Boneyard Creek lies in northwest Champaign. Land use in the watershed is virtually all urban (residential, commercial, industrial). The creek lies entirely within the environs of the cities of Champaign and Urbana and the University of Illinois. The upstream portion of the Boneyard Creek flows near the northern perimeter of Champaign, the creek then flows in a generally southern direction through the northeast part of Champaign, turning east as it flows through the campus of the university of Illinois, then through Urbana. The watershed and the channel have been greatly modified, the natural flood plain is highly developed.

Last modified: 6 January 2006

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